High biodiversity areas flourish when game can roam freely across vast tracks of wilderness, adapting to dynamic changes in population densities, rainfall and food supplies. However, the ever increasing pressures from human populations on the edge of unfenced reserves have had devastating effects on both fauna and flora in Africa. In the late 1980’s in Malawi, Cheetahs disappeared as the pressure from nearby communities encroached on their habitat and destroyed their prey. Below is a fantastic good news story of how Cheetahs are being reintroduced to Malawi’s Liwonde National Park, where they can be protected as their population is re-established in Malawi.
On May 17, conservation non-profit African Parks, the Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT) and Malawi’s Department of National Parks and Wildlife (DNPW) flew four African cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) from South Africa and reintroduced them to Liwonde National Park in southern Malawi.
The cheetahs have been moved into special enclosures called bomas for now, where the animals will learn to adapt to their new home under constant supervision. After spending some time in the bomas, the Cheetahs will be released into the wider park, African Parks said in a statement. The animals are the first large predator to be reintroduced into Liwonde and are said to be in good health.
“The reintroduction of the cheetah is historic for the country and a new era for the park, where the return of large predators holds great optimism for the restoration of the natural system and the conservation of this highly vulnerable species,” Craig Reid, Liwonde National Park Manager, said in the statement.
African Parks began managing Liwonde National Park in 2015 in partnership with the DNPW. The group claims to have enhanced law enforcement of the park and made progress in improving the park’s habitat. Now, the habitat and prey conditions are “optimal” for the cheetahs and their conservation and protection, African Parks said.
The cheetahs introduced to Liwonde National Park were sourced from various South African cheetah reserves by the EWT’s Cheetah Metapopulation Project. The project, launched in 2011, aims to protect the imperilled species by creating safe spaces and managing their populations in ways that ensure genetic diversity.
“The reintroduction of the cheetah forms part of the collective vision of African Parks and the Malawian government to restore the country’s parks, rehabilitate wildlife populations, and increase tourism, creating highly-valued assets for the country and its people,” said African Parks.
Cheetahs, currently listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, have disappeared from more than 90 percent of their historical range in Africa, and their populations continue to decline. Fewer than 6,700 mature cheetahs are estimated to survive in the wild today.
In Malawi, cheetahs were reported in Kasungu National Park, Nyika National Park and Vwaza Wildlife Reserve until the late 1980s. These parks border Zambia, which was then thought to be the source of the cheetahs. But with increasing human population and the consequent loss of habitat and prey, cheetahs in Malawi were believed to have nearly become extinct by 1996.
“Reintroduction to safe and fenced protected areas is one way to protect the future of the species on the continent”, said EWT Cheetah Metapopulation Coordinator Vincent van der Merwe. “This collaborative undertaking represents a highly valuable opportunity for both the park [Liwonde] and cheetah conservation in light of the need for urgent action to address their decline”.
This article was initially posted on Mongabay and was published by Shreya Dasgupta on 2017-05-29.